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Obsessive-compulsive behaviour

Children with obsessive compulsive behaviour (commonly known as OCD, obsessive-compulsive disorder) have repeating thoughts, images or feelings that are distressing. They also carry out rituals or habits (compulsions) to temporarily feel better. OCD is a type of anxiety disorder. Sometimes these behaviours can become a coping mechanism to manage other stressful life events.

OCD rituals can be obvious to others (like checking door locks or washing hands) or they can manifest themselves as mental rituals such as persistent and uncontrollable thoughts, impulses, worries and fears.

Spotting the signs

Some common obsessions:

  • fears about dirt/contamination
  • worries about safety and harm – to themselves and others
  • anxiety if things are not symmetrical or even
  • need for perfection

Some common compulsions:

  • checking things over and over again
  • hoarding or collecting things that appear useless
  • arranging things so they are ‘just right’
  • washing and cleaning
  • repeating and re-doing things 

Some obsessive behaviours may also be indicative of other needs (e.g. that a child might be on the autistic spectrum) so it’s important to think about the child as a whole, how they are generally functioning, and to discuss any concerns with your pastoral/special educational needs lead.  

It’s also important to remember that everyone has quirks and habits. But when they start to become stressful for the child and impact on their school/family life and relationships, then it can be a sign that something more significant is wrong.

Top Tips

1

Good communication between home and school is important.

A ‘diary’ or ‘concerns book’ can help to monitor and share progress. A child with OCD may be a target for bullying. If the child and family are in agreement, it can help to have a classroom discussion about OCD so that classmates understand it better.

2

Don’t be impatient or criticise/punish a child for behaviour they can’t control.

But it’s important that children with OCD, like other children, are helped to learn good behaviour and obey rules. It’s also important they miss out on opportunities so help them to ‘face their fears’. Help them to focus on their strengths and on areas where they feel confident.

3

If a child becomes anxious in the classroom, it can help to recognise this.

Options are to help them ‘sit out’ their anxiety, discuss it, or take a short break. Be aware that some subjects may be more difficult depending on a child’s worries, e.g. maths might be tricky for a child who worries about numbers.

Resources

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OCD information for people supporting a child

OCD information for people supporting a child

Webpage and factsheet for parents and school staff. Information is for older young people. However,...

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OCD information for parents

OCD information for parents

Factsheet for parents and school staff helping them understand and support a child suffering from...

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How OCD affects daily life

How OCD affects daily life

Animated video (5 mins) explains, from a child’s perspective, how OCD developed and how it...

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Living with OCD

Living with OCD

This free booklet is for primary school children with OCD.

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MindEd: common problems

MindEd is a free educational resource on children and young people's mental health for all adults.

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Ask Sam

Children can write a letter to ‘ask Sam’ about worrying thoughts, feelings and experiences. Every...

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Supporting a child at risk

Supporting a child at risk

An online learning portal with advice on answering parents’ questions about their child’s mental...

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Support for parents

Confidential and free helpline offering advice, guidance and support on any aspect of parenting and...

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