This section of the site helps school staff understand the many risk factors that may challenge and undermine children’s mental health.

It also helps schools understand what they can do (on their own and working with partners) to help build good mental health and resilience, and reduce the risks that can harm children’s mental health.

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Bullying and cyberbullying

Bullying is usually targeted behaviour that is repetitive and persistent. It can have long-lasting effects on children’s mental health and academic performance.

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Child abuse and neglect

Child maltreatment is any action causing potentially significant harm to a child. Maltreatment can be initiated by an adult or a child. It can involve physical, sexual, verbal or emotional abuse; neglect or exploitation.

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Guidance and practical tools to support children’s mental health during the coronavirus crisis.

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Family problems

Within the home environment, children can be exposed to many stresses that will affect their everyday life.

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Poor parental mental health

Many parents/carers who experience mental illness are excellent parents. With the right support, it’s perfectly possible to manage mental health issues without it affecting parenting.

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Parental substance misuse

Not all parents who drink or take drugs damage their children, but studies highlight that children living in such family circumstances can often be at higher risk of harm, neglect, exploitation, poorer mental health and life chances.

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Poverty and unemployment

Children living in poverty often lack material resources which can affect what they eat, their participation in activities, the clothes they wear, family stress levels and optimism, where and how they live, and their access to proper healthcare and high-quality education.

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